Lamborghini Espada

Lamborghini EspadaThe Lamborghini Espada is a grand tourer which was built by Italian car manufacturer Lamborghini between 1968 and 1978. Based on the Marzal show car, displayed at the 1967 Geneva Auto Show, and the Bertone Pirana, a radically rebodied Jaguar E-type. It was to fill the spot of a true four seat car in Lamborghini’s lineup, which already included the 400GT and Miura. 1217 cars were made, making it the most successful Lamborghini model at the time. The car was designed by Marcello Gandini of Bertone. The name “Espada” means “sword” in Spanish, referring to the sword that bullfighters use to kill the bulls. The Espada was originally fitted with a 4L 325 bhp (242 kW) V12 engine, fully independent suspension and four wheel disc brakes. Most transmissions were manual, and the Espada also introduced one of the first automatic transmissions able to absorb the torque of a large sporting V12. It had unusual gearing, with 3 ratios: drive, 1 and reverse. During its 10 year production the car underwent some changes, and three different models were produced. These were the S1 (1968-1970), the S2 (1970-1972) and the S3 (1972-1978). Each model featured engine power improvements, but only minor details were changed with the exterior design. The interior was altered dramatically between each model. An all new dashboard and steering wheel was installed for the S2, and the interior was again revamped for the S3. In 1970, power assisted steering was offered as an option, and in 1974 an automatic transmission was also offered. In 1975 impact bumpers had to be installed to meet United States safety requirements, and some people consider cars produced with them to be the S4, but Lamborghini did not officially change the designation. Near the end of the Espada’s life, Bertone designed a four door prototype, which was never put into production.

Engine:
3929 cc 60° V12
325 bhp (242 kW)
(1968 – 1970)
3929 cc 60° V12
350 bhp (261 kW)
(1970 – 1978)

Lamborghini Miura

Lamborghini MiuraThe Lamborghini Miura is a sports car built in Italy by Lamborghini between 1966 and 1973. A mid-engined layout had been used successfully in competition, including by the Ford GT40 and Ferrari 250 LM at Le Mans. De Tomaso had produced a road car with this layout, the Vallelunga, but otherwise cars designed for the road were almost uniformly front-engined, rear drive vehicles. The Miura was a trendsetter, the one that made the mid-engined layout de rigueur among two-seater high performance supercars. It is named after the Spanish ranch Miura, whose bulls have a proverbial attack instinct.

Engine:
– Configuration: 60 degree V12, DOHC
– Engine displacement: 3.9 L (3929 cc)
– Base: 350 hp (261 kW) at 7,000 rpm
– S: 370 hp (276 kW) at 7,700 rpm
– SV: 385 hp (287 kW) at 7,850 rpm

Performance:
– Top speed: 179 mph (288 km/h)
– 0-100 km/h: 5.5 seconds
– Quarter Mile: ~14 seconds test

Lamborghini 400GT

Lamborghini 400GTThe Lamborghini 400GT 2+2 was a 2+2-seated sports car from the Italian manufacturer Lamborghini, successor to the 350GT. First presented at the 1966 Geneva Auto Show.

Compared to its predecessor the engine was enlarged to 3929 cc (240 c.i.), increasing the power to 320 bhp (239 kW). The 400GT 2+2 was actually a different body from the 350GT, with a longer wheelbase, different roofline, and some sheetmetal changes throughout the car. The larger body shape enabled the +2 seating to be installed in the rear, where the 350GT only had room for luggage or +1 seating. The bodywork was designed by Carrozzeria Touring. The 400GT 2+2 also had a Lamborghini designed gearbox, with Porsche style synchromesh on all gears, which greatly improved the drivetrain.

There was a variant of the 350GT with the 4L V12 fitted to it, which was called the 400GT. Only 23 of these smaller coupes were built, three of which had desirable aluminum bodywork.

A total of 247 units were built from 1966 to 1968, when it was replaced with the Islero. A special, one-off version called the 400GT Monza was built by Neri and Bonacini, who had previously worked on the 350GT.

Lamborghini 350GT

Lamborghini 350GTThe Lamborghini 350GT was the first production car by Lamborghini, first shown at the Turin Motor Show in 1963.

The 350GT’s name is derived from it’s 3.5 litre quad-cam V-12 engine. The 350GT has an independent rear suspension while Ferrari and many other manufacturers still used live rear axles. The 350’s body is a controversial 2+1 semi-fastback design by Carrozzeria Touring of Milan. The 350GT generally drew high praises at the time for its flexible, high-revving engine, its stable cornering on rough and smooth surfaces, and its high level of finish. One hundred twenty were built from 1963 to 1966.

The 350GT has a top speed of 149 mph (240 km/h) and can accelerate to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 6.8 seconds.

Lamborghini 350GTV

Lamborghini 350GTVThe Lamborghini 350 GTV was the prototype and forerunner of the later 350 GT (Lamborghini’s first production model).

It featured a controversial semi-fastback body design by Franco Scaglione and built by Giorgio Neri and Luciano Bonacini, which was modified for series production by Carrozzeria Touring, and Lamborghini’s own 3.5 liter V-12 engine. The car was presented to the public on the 1963 Turin Auto Show.

Lamborghini 350 GTV:
– Body style: 2-door coupe
– Layout : FR coupe
– Engine: 3.5L V12
– Transmission: ZF 5-speed manual